Hong Myeonggu was born to be the son of Hong Seongik in August 1596 in Yeoncheon, Gyeonggi-do. He passed the state examination at the age of 23 and went through important positions (Governor of Gyeongsang-do and Pyeongan-do provinces). He died in battle at the age of 42 in 1637 when he was fighting in Jinteogol, Gimhwa during the War of 1636.
In the War of 1636, he was Governor of the Pyeongan-do province, but he joined with General Yurim of Pyeongan-do province's Byeongmajeoldosa and encamped at Jinteogol of Oseongsan, Gimhwa, which had good conditions for battle. He commanded 300 volunteer soldiers and about 2,000 loyal soldiers to the king and defeated Maputa, the general of the Chung military and Lungkuta. When the battle became fierce, one of his subordinates suggested that he flee, but he wanted to use his life to defend his country and continued to encourage the battle before eventually dying in the battle. The country game him the title “Chungyeol,” which means faithful and passionate to the fatherland.
The Chungyeol monument was built with the monument of great victory of the General Yurim at Saengchang-i(Hyangyogol), Gimhwa town, in May of 1645. With a height of 194cm, an upper width of 94cm, a lower width of 77cm, and an average thickness of 20cm, the monument is granite stone with a double platform.