Cheorwon-gun, or Cheorwon County, is situated in the center of the Korean Peninsula, facing the Gwangju Mountains.It stretches from Mt. Geumgang of the Taebaek Mountains to Gyeonggi-do on its east side, and Chugaryeong Yeolgok which stretches from Seoul to Wonsan on its west side.
Located at 38 degrees north latitude and 127 degrees east longitude, Cheorwon neighbors Hwacheon and Yanggu to the east, Yeoncheon of Gyeonggi-do to the west, and Pocheon of Gyeonggi-do to the south. An area of 43.6 miles, 28% of the total 155 miles of the DMZ, also belongs to Cheorwon. Its administrative districts consist of four eups and three myeons.
The gross area of Cheorwon, a blessed land having famous mountains such as Geumhaksan, Myeongseongsan and Daeseongsan and beautiful sceneries, covers 899.5㎢ (0.83% of the nation); 282.5 ㎢ (31.4%) is farm land. Each household possess 1.8 ha of farm land, which shows Cheorwon is a typical farming region.
In 1995, Cheorwon's population stood at about 65,000 residents, which was its greatest population. However, due to the trend of leaving farming behind, it has gradually decreased and now about 48,000 residents in 18,000 households live in Cheorwon.